LASU JOURNAL OF MEDICAL SCIENCES
This is the official publication of the Faculty of Basic Medical Sciences and Faculty of Basic Clinical Sciences, Lagos State University College of Medicine, Ikeja, Lagos, Nigeria.
General Information and Instruction to Authors
The LASU Journal of Medical Sciences (LASU- JMS) was born out of the yearnings of the teeming members of the Faculty to have a peer- reviewed outlet for their work. This journal, with its broad scope, disseminates information from a diverse range of research from an equally diverse range of specialties within the Medical Sciences. The LASU-JMS is a biannual journal which publishes report of original research from all Departments in Basic Medical Sciences, Basic Clinical Sciences, Behavioural Sciences, Clinical Sciences, Dental Sciences, Nursing Sciences and Pharmaceutical Sciences. The journal also accepts manuscripts from Biomedical Communications, Biomedical Engineering and Biotechnology as it relates to Medicine, Environment and Health, Medical Education, Sports Physiology and Medicine, Telemedicine as well as Alternative Medicines. The LASU- JMS provides a roadmap for health policy formulation for Lagos State in particular, and Nigeria as well other African countries.
Instruction to Authors
The LASU-JMS publishes original articles, short communications and breaking research findings. Invited reviews, book reviews, meeting reports, case reports, short communications and letter to the Editor are also published.
Case Reports: This should not exceed 1,500 words and should convey only the salient features of the case, keeping discussions, references and illustrations to a minimum.
Letter to the Editor: The journal will accept brief, substantiated comments on published material in an earlier edition (not older than a year) of the LASU-JMS.
Preparation of Manuscript
The LASU-JMS conforms to the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors’ (ICMJE) Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals (www.icmje.org). Manuscripts
should be prepared electronically on Microsoft Word using the Times New Roman, size 12 font, with double line spacing and 4cm left alignment. The manuscript should be written with United Kingdom English spelling and contain the following sections each of which should begin on a new page: Title Page, Summary, Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Discussion, Acknowledgement(s), References, Tables and Figures, Legend to Figures and Illustrations.
The Title Page should give the following information: (1) Title of the Article; (2) Last name, first name and middle initial of each author; (3) the department and institution of each author, (4) name, address, e-mail and telephone number of author for correspondence and (5) running title not more than six words.
The second page of the manuscript should carry a structured summary of not more than 250 words. It should state the Objectives, Methods, Results and the Conclusions. A list of six keywords maximum, should be included at the end of the Summary to be used for indexing.
Tables should be typed double-spaced with font size 12 and should be submitted on separate sheets. The tables should be numbered in Arabic numerals in the order in which they appear in the manuscript. The title should be at the top and should convey the information being presented. There should be no internal borders or rules. The table should be self-explanatory and legends provided below it as applicable.
Figures and Plates
Figures and plates must be drawn professionally and photographed or submitted as photographic- quality digital prints. High-resolution photographic image files of X-ray films, scans and other diagnostic images and photomicrographs should be submitted. The Editors reserve the right to ask for original photographs of blots. As figures will be reduced for publication, ensure that letters, numbers, and symbols on figures are large enough to remain legible. Figures should be made as self- explanatory as possible and should be numbered consecutively in Arabic numerals according to
the order in which they have been cited in the text. Titles and legends should be presented on separate sheets; detailed explanations should be presented in the legends and not on the illustrations themselves. Symbols, arrows, numbers, or letters used to identify parts of the illustrations should be identified and explained clearly in the legend as well. Photomicrographs should have internal scale markers which should be explained and the method of staining
identified. Symbols, arrows, or letters used in photomicrographs should contrast with the background. Proper acknowledgement of a previously published figure/illustration should be made and a letter of permission to use the said figure/illustration submitted.
Abbreviations and Symbols
Use only standard abbreviations to ensure clarity of information. Avoid abbreviations in the title of the manuscript. Define all abbreviations used by spelling out on first use followed by the abbreviation in parenthesis unless the abbreviation is a standard unit of measurement. The approved generic names of drugs should be used; where a proprietary name is used, this should begin with a capital letter.
Units of Measurements
All measurements should be expressed in SI (Systeme Internationale) Units except for blood pressure which is reported in mmHg.
Acknowledgements: This should include acknowledgement of funding, material, technical or secretariat support etc. Those contributorswho do not meet the criteria for authorship may also be acknowledged here. Please ensure everyone so acknowledged has given permission as readers may infer they have endorsed the data and conclusions.
Only references cited in the text and only those accepted for publication in a named journal should be included in the list at the end of the paper. Arrangement of the references should be based on the Vancouver Style. References quoted in the text must be indicated by numbers in square parentheses and not in superscript; this should be inserted immediately after commas and periods and before any colons and
semicolons, with no word spacing (for example, not for example,  and for example ; not for example  ;). When there are two or more references cited at a given place in the manuscript, use hyphens to join the first and last numbers of a closed series; use commas without space to separate other parts of a multiple citation. If more than six authors, list only the first six followed by et al. The
reference list must be in numerical order consecutively as cited in the text and should include name(s) of author(s), title of paper, title of journal, date, volume, number and page numbers (include all pages). Examples:
A. Journals with abbreviations cited in Index Medicus:
- Olatunji-Bello II, Odusayna BJ, Raji I, Ladipo Contractile Effect of the aqueous extract of
Psidium guajava leaves on aortic rings in rat. Fitoterapia 2007;78(3):241-243
- Olagunju JA,Ogunfeibo AB, Ogunbosi AO, Taiwo OA. Biochemical changes elicited by isosaline leaf and stem-bark extracts of Harungana madagascariensis in the rat. Phytother Res, 2004;18(7):588- 591
- Journals with abbreviations not yet cited in Index Medicus should be written in full
Solagberu BA, Adekanye AO, Ofoegbu CP, Kuranga SA, Udoffa US, Abdur- Rahman LO et al. Clinical spectrum of Trauma at a University Hospital in Nigeria. European Journal of Trauma. 2002;28(6):365-369
C. Article with pagination with Roman numerals
Chadwick R, Schuklenk U. The politics of ethical consensus finding. Bioethics.
- For chapters in books:
Obafunwa JO. Diving Injuries and Barotrauma In: Payne-James J, Busuttil A, Smock W, editors. Forensic Medicine: Clinical and Pathological Aspects. London:
Greenwich Medical Media Limited; 2003. p. 289-305
- For whole books
Adeneye AA. Diabetes Mechanisms and Management: Glucose Metabolizing & Homeostasis Machinery and Application of Medicinal Plants in Diabetes Management. Saarbrücken Germany: Lambert Academic Publishing GmbH & Co. KG; 2011
Names of animal and plant species should be written according to the Binomial or Binary Nomenclature. The genus should be written first and capitalised while the species name is written in lower case; both should be italicised. Examples: Erithracus rubecula, Homo sapiens For more information, http://www.scienceprofonline.com/biology- general/biological-classification-binomial- nomenclature.html
For word processing use Microsoft word. An electronic copy of the manuscript (in compact disc or as e-mail attachment) must be submitted along with two hard copies.
All authors listed on the original manuscript are jointly held responsible for the entire article. It is the responsibility of the corresponding author to ensure agreement to publication of the article by all authors of the article.
The LASU-JMS expects a high standard of ethical practice from each author. Studies on human subjects must have been cleared with the Research Ethics Committee or its equivalent in the institution where the research was carried out and must comply with the Helsinki Declaration on research involving human subjects as well as research on identifiable human material and data. Informed consent of human subjects must be
clearly stated in the submitted manuscript. Similarly, experiments involving animals must follow acceptable institutional and international standards. Note that letter from relevant Ethical body might be sought.
Conflict of Interest
Authors should declare all sources of interest such as funding, provision of drugs or equipment in the covering letter. A conflict of interest form (http://www.icmje.org/conflicts-of-interest/) should also be filled and submitted to the Editor- in-Chief of LASU-JMS.
Since all authors will be held responsible for the content of their article, it is advisable that authors ensure the correctness of their article.
Covering Letter: A covering letter verifying that the final manuscript has been seen and approved by all authors and that it has not been submitted for consideration or published elsewhere wholly or in part, should accompany every manuscript. The letter should include the author details as on Title Page. To forestall the rare occurrence of accidental loss of manuscript, it is advised that authors keep a copy of all submissions made.
Submit two hard copies and soft copy (on compact disc) of the original manuscript with two sets of original figures and an electronic copy as e-mail attachments to:
LASU Journal of Medical Sciences Faculty of Basic Medical Sciences
Lagos State University College of Medicine
P.M.B. 21266, Ikeja, Lagos Nigeria
Reviewers’ queries will be sent to the author concerned via e-mail. It should be returned duly corrected with the least possible delay within 10 days failing which submission may be considered a fresh submission. Author’s revisions should be highlighted in red. Authors will be liable for any alterations which they make that are not due to printer’s errors. Include a covering letter authorizing the corrections.
Authors will receive a copy of the journal in which their article is published as well as portable document format (pdf) of their article.
Articles that have been accepted for publication will draw fees as determined from time to time by the Editorial Team. Extra charges will apply for colour printing of figures. These fees are liable to change without prior notice; changes will be conveyed to authors of accepted articles.
Advertisements will be accepted on equipment and suitable products which are not detrimental to human health or safety.
All rights reserved. Copyright of all accepted papers is vested in the Publisher. No part of any LASU-JBMS publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical recording or otherwise without permission in writing from the Publisher of the Journal through the Editor-in-Chief.